Hazing began as a way to welcome new members into a closed society. The practice has roots that date back to the ancient and medieval eras. Today, hazing is considered a criminal offense in the majority of the United States. This is, in part, because of the number of students who have been fatally injured from being hazed. In addition to the state and federal laws condemning hazing, other initiatives are being taken to prevent fraternity hazing on college campuses by universities and watchdog organizations.