The Brighton Patch reports that children ages 0-4 and 15-19 are the two age groups most at-risk for a traumatic brain injury (TBI), according to the Brain Injury Association of Michigan. TBI is one of the leading causes of acquired disability and death in children and infants. The reasons for TBI in children include unintentional causes, such as falls and motor vehicle collisions, and inflicted causes, including child abuse in infants and younger children and assaults in adolescents.
The only known cure for traumatic brain injury is prevention, so the following are seasonal safety facts to protect your children, or those in your care, from suffering this type of child injury in Kentucky.
- Wear a helmet for protection during activities that may pose a danger of a head injury, such as bicycling, baseball, or skating. Also, two-thirds of ATV accidents have involved children under 16, so a helmet is important to wear when riding, as well as protective clothing.
- Falls are a common cause of playground injuries and thus brain injuries, so try and avoid hard surfaces such as concrete. Loose surfaces, like shredded mulch, may be safer for playing.
- The leading cause of death in children hit by cars is brain injury, so instruct your children to stop at curbs or the edge of the road and, most importantly, to not run into the street.
- Always supervise your children when they are in or near the water.
- Alcohol use is a leading factor in boating accidents and deaths, so if your child or teen may be going out on a boat, tell him or her not to go if the person operating the boat has been drinking.
- Install child safety window guards on screens to keep children in and protected.
- For bicycling, it is very important to wear a helmet, so be sure yours meets safety standards. Make sure the helmet is secure enough by tightening the chin strap.
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