Traumatic brain injury, or TBI, is a very complex injury that can have a devastating impact on the injury victim and his or her family. Since the brain truly controls and defines who we are, the effects of a TBI can affect all aspects of an individual’s life, and differs from other types of physical injuries in its recovery and treatment. The following information is intended to be a brief guide on the complexities of traumatic brain injury to better understand this serious condition.
Symptoms of TBI
TBI can be classified as either mild or severe. A mild TBI, also known as a mild concussion or minor head injury, can include the following symptoms: fatigue; headaches; memory loss; dizziness; seizures; nausea; mood changes; and poor attention or concentration.
A severe TBI can have a wide range of effects and some of the more serious symptoms include: slurred speech or difficulty reading and writing; blurred vision, or in severe cases, a partial or total loss of vision; loss of hearing; diminished sense of smell; chronic pain, sleep disorders, appetite changes; and aggression or irritability.
Causes of TBI
The top three causes of a traumatic brain injury are car accidents, firearms, and falls, with young adults and the elderly being the highest risk groups. The common mechanisms that can cause this type of injury are: open head injury (such as the result of a bullet wound); closed head injury (which can occur from a slip and fall or car accident); deceleration injuries; chemical or toxic causes (harmful chemicals damage the neurons); hypoxia, or lack of oxygen; tumors; infections; and strokes.
There are a number of different treatments for TBI, including treatment at a rehabilitative care center which can help the injury victim get back to daily life. Also, surgery may be used to prevent a secondary injury by minimizing swelling and pressure. Acute treatment of a TBI is aimed at minimizing secondary injury and life support, and this can include medications or mechanical ventilation.
The effects of TBI can be long lasting and can have a severe impact on the injury victim’s life, and treatment and medical bills can be very costly. If you or someone you love has suffered from a traumatic brain injury that was caused by the negligence of another party, an experienced Louisville brain injury lawyer can help you obtain compensation for your injuries so you can focus on recovery.